More than 5,000 years ago, Caucasus hunter-gatherers from the highlands between the Black and Caspian Seas traveled west to Anatolia and north to the steppe, splitting their Proto-Indo-European language into two branches. From the steppe, their Yamnaya horse-herder descendants spread their language and genes into daughter languages and cultures across Eurasia. Border colors indicate the geographic origins of five source populations before their migrations (shown by correspondingly colored arrows), while the pie charts show the post-migration admixtures in these regions.
Figure reprinted with permission from I. Lazaridis et al., Science 377:939(2022).
Click on arrow at right to view additional images (1/3) GAME FACES From left, senior defensive lineman David Madzivanyika, captain and defensive lineman Truman Jones, and coach Tim Murphy get ready to lead the team out of the tunnel before kickoff. Photograph courtesy of Harvard Athletic Communications
Click on arrow at right to view additional images (1/4) KYM DANDY Even while in the clutches of Brown's Harrison Ochs (5), Harvard's Kym Wimberly (1) reached over the goal for his second touchdown. The senior wideout bedeviled the Brown secondary, making a game-high eight catches. Photograph by Dylan Goodman/Harvard Athletic Communications
Strong offense, vulnerable rushing defense, and painful penalties tortured Crimson fans until the last nine seconds.
Click on arrow at right to view additional images (1/4) OPENING STRETCH. Sophomore backup quarterback Charles DiPrima and his mates got limbered up for the 148th season of Harvard football. Photograph by Dylan Goodman Photography/courtesy of Harvard Athletic Communications