Salute Flag and Shack!

A replica of what may be the earliest known version of the American flag to include stars
This 1960 cigarette ad highlights Motif No. 1, a favorite artists’ subject in Rockport, Massachusetts.

Primus waves stars and stripes to celebrate Flag Day, June 14.

John Fitzhugh Millar ’66 commissioned this modern copy of what he believes is the earliest known version of the American flag to include stars. He found the original engraved on a powder horn made in Boston in March and April 1776 for Massachusetts soldier Barnabas Webb. (See the horn yourself in an article by Gregory LeFever in the October 2011 number of Early American Life and in the book Powder Horns: Documents of History, by Tom Grinslade.)

Millar is an independent scholar interested in both architecture and ships; when studying the harbor scene engraved on the horn, he saw a flag of this design flying atop a fort and notified the Flag Research Center in Winchester, Massachusetts, of his discovery. The engraving was not large enough to let him discern whether the 13 stars on the flag had five points or six; he chose five for this recreation, which he now displays at Newport House Bed & Breakfast, an elegant establishment that he and his wife, Cathy, run in Williamsburg, Virginia.

The official American flag in 1776 was the Grand Union, Millar reminds us. It had the British union in the upper left canton and 13 stripes in the fly—no stars. Congress authorized a new flag on June 14, 1777, with 13 stars arranged in a circle. Millar is amazed that the existence of the flag he found depicted some 15 months earlier should have gone unnoticed for so long in a country so interested in its flags.

Powder horns can repay close scrutiny. Millar also saw on this one a schooner that was “setting a sail (gaff-fore-topsail) that no one knew had been invented as early as the eighteenth century.” He knows from sails. In 1969-70, he caused to be built a copy of the 24-gun Revolutionary War frigate Rose and captained it out of Newport, Rhode Island, to help celebrate the nation’s bicentennial. (Some 30 years later, under new ownership, she co-starred withRussell Crowe in Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World.)

Should your summer travels take you to historic Williamsburg, stop by the B&B to look at the flag and say hello to the Millars’ pet rabbit, Josephine Bunnyparts. Napoleon Bunnyparts, her predecessor, has gone to his reward.


Hot motif. L.M. Vincent ’73, M.D., calls himself “an outsider to all things maritime.” He grew up in Kansas. He saw his first live lobster in a tank at a steak house when he was 12 and was suspicious of it because it wasn’t red. He has never caught a fish. He has been on sailboats but with trepidation, not from fear of drowning but rather “the anxiety that I will be assigned tasks that involve ropes.” How, then, did he come to write an entire book about a fish shack in Rockport, Massachusetts?

Vincent’s day job is instructor in radiology at Harvard Medical School and attending physician at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. He lives north of Boston near the coast. A cousin recommended that he visit Rockport to see Motif No. 1. “What is Motif No. 1?” asked Vincent. “You’ll see,” said the cousin. The heavily illustrated In Search of Motif No. 1: The History of a Fish Shack proves he did.

The iconic structure sits at the end of a stone pier in Rockport Harbor. At a nearby souvenir shop, Vincent found a coffee cup with an image of the shed and an inscription: “Once just an old fishing shack in Rockport, this little red shed became a popular subject of local artists, hence the name Motif No. 1. Visitors the world over have made it the most photographed and painted building in the world.”

Who would argue with a coffee cup? The ubiquity of Motif No. 1 is such that it appeared in this cigarette ad from 1960.

Should summer travels take you to Rockport, tip your hat to Motif No. 1.

You might also like

The Roman Empire’s Cosmopolitan Frontier

Genetic analysis reveals a culture enriched from both sides of the Danube.

Tobacco Smoke and Tuberculosis

Harvard researchers illuminate a longstanding epidemiological connection. 

Discourse and Discipline

Harvard’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences broaches two tough topics.

Most popular

Small-Town Roots

Professors’ humble beginnings, concentration choices, and a mini history of Harvard and Radcliffe presidents

Vita: Fanny Bullock Workman

Brief life of a feisty mountaineer: 1859-1925

Being Black at Work

Realizing the full potential of black employees

More to explore

Illustration of a box containing a laid-off fossil fuel worker's office belongings

Preparing for the Energy Transition

Expect massive job losses in industries associated with fossil fuels. The time to get ready is now.

Apollonia Poilâne standing in front of rows of fresh-baked loaves at her family's flagship bakery

Her Bread and Butter

A third-generation French baker on legacy loaves and the "magic" of baking

Illustration that plays on the grade A+ and the term Ai

AI in the Academy

Generative AI can enhance teaching and learning but augurs a shift to oral forms of student assessment.