Emily Oken's Studies on Nutrition During Pregnancy

Oken's path from archaeology to epidemiology

Emily Oken
Photograph courtesy of Harvard Medical School

One of the world’s leading experts on nutrition during pregnancy almost became an archaeologist. When Emily Oken faced a choice between organic chemistry or Greek language as a Princeton undergraduate, both at 10 a.m. , she settled on Greek during the semester and chemistry in the summer. Now Hamilton professor of population medicine, Oken had worked on archaeological digs near Philadelphia during high school and later juggled pre-medical requirements with a classics major and summer expeditions in Greece. (She fondly remembers dropping into a well to excavate artifacts in Santorini.) Eventually, archaeology became an avocation. She entered Harvard Medical School in 1991 and got interested in public health and prevention while studying why people adopt risky behaviors and how education can promote healthier habits. After finishing her residency in 2000, she joined Project Viva, an epidemiological study of nutrition and toxicant influences on pregnancy outcomes and the long-term health of mother and child. “It’s not just the behaviors that you do as an adult…that influence your risk for chronic disease,” explains Oken, “but even behaviors that happen very early in life, or prenatally.” Her first big challenge, in 2001, was to assess whether fish consumption during pregnancy was safe (yes, with caveats!). A mother of two children just younger than those in the study, she found the work personally relevant, too. Oken has since worked with approximately 1,500 enrolled mother-child pairs to investigate the fetal origins of obesity, the effects of smoking during pregnancy, and the consequences of sleep deficiencies through infancy. In 2016, she became the project’s principal investigator. Though she has spent two decades with Project Viva, she still enjoys unearthing new conclusions from troves of data—not so far from archaeology after all.

Read more articles by Jacob Sweet
Sub topics

You might also like

Harvard Overhauls Disciplinary Procedures

To cope with violations of University statement on rights and responsibilities

Harvard’s Development Chief Departs

Brian Lee to step down at end of 2024

Immigrant Workers— America’s Engine?

Harvard economist Jason Furman on immigration and the U.S. economy.

Most popular

Mechanical Intelligence and Counterfeit Humanity

Reflections on six decades of relations with computers

The Power of Patience

Teaching students the value of deceleration and immersive attention

The Queen of Versailles

A documentary film turns a lens on the “1 percenters.”

More to explore

Relabeling Medical Definitions for Obesity in the United States

For obesity patients, improved treatments and a nuanced understanding of the disease may lead to better health.

How Was Brooklyn Bridge Park Planned?

Michael Van Valkenburgh and the making of Brooklyn Bridge Park

The Mystery Behind an Incan Tunic

Unraveling an Inca masterpiece’s secrets